Intermittent generation like wind can cause problems in grids, in physical balances and in adequacy of power.
Thus, there are two goals for integrating distributed energy resources locally and globally: network management point of view and energy market objectives.
Solutions to decrease the problems caused by the variable output of intermittent resources are to add energy storages into the system, create more flexibility on the supply side to mitigate supply intermittency and load variation, and to increase flexibility in electricity consumption. Combining the different characteristics of these resources is essential in increasing the value of distributed energy resources in the bulk power system and in the energy market.
This Task is focusing on the aspects of this integration.
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The main objective of this Task is to study how to achieve a better integration of flexible demand (Demand Response, Demand Side Management) with Distributed Generation, energy storages and Smart Grids. This would lead to an increase of the value of Demand Response, Demand Side Management and Distributed Generation and a decrease of problems caused by intermittent distributed generation (mainly based on renewable energy sources) in the physical electricity systems and at the electricity market.
Thus the integration means in this connection
- how to optimally integrate and combine Demand Response and Energy Efficiency technologies with Distributed Generation, Storage and Smart Grids technologies, at different network levels (low, medium and high voltage)
- and how to combine the above mentioned technologies to ideally support the electricity networks and electricity market
The Task will provide the integration based solutions and examples on successful best practices to the problems defined above to the different stakeholders.
The first step in the Task was to carry out a scope study collecting information from the existing IEA Agreements, participating countries with the help of country experts and from organized workshops and other sources (research programs, field experience etc), analyzing the information on the basis of the above mentioned objectives and synthesizing the information to define the more detailed needs for the further work. The main output of the first step was this state-of-the art report and the proposal for the future work to be carried out as a second step of the Task.
On the basis of the Phase one the Task extension was started in 2010 with the main topics to assess the effects of the penetration of emerging DER technologies to different stakeholders and to the whole electricity system. The emerging DER technologies to be discussed include
- plug-in electric and hybrid electric vehicles (PEV/PHEV)
- different types of heatpumps for heating and cooling
- photovoltaic at customer premises
- micro-CHP at customer premises
- energy storages (thermal/electricity) in the connection of previous technologies
- smart metering
- emerging ICT
- Other technologies seen feasible in 10 – 20 years period, especially by 2020.
Subtask 1: Information collection on the characteristics of different types of DER in the integrated solutions
Subtask 2: Analysis of the information collected and preliminary conclusions (state of the art)
Subtask 3: Feedback from the stakeholders: Workshop
Subtask 4: Final conclusions and the detailed definition of the further work
Subtask 5: Assessment of technologies and their penetration in participating countries
Subtask 6: Pilots and case studies
Subtask 7: Stakeholders involved in the penetration and effects on the stakeholders
Subtask 8: Assessment of the quantitative effects on the power systems and stakeholders
Subtask 9: Conclusions and recommendations
Subtask 10: Potentials of Flexible Prosumers
Subtask 11: Impact on stakeholders, grid and markets
Subtask 12: Sharing experiences
Subtask 13: Conclusions and recommendations
Mr. Seppo Kärkkäinen [FI](Operating Agent)
[ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Ms. Alison Silverstein [US]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Ms. Anna-Kaisa Karppinen [FI]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Ms. Susana Banares [ES]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Mr. Gilbert Bindewald [US]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Mr. Jussi Ikäheimo [FI]
EXPERT [ jussi.ikaheimo.vtt.fi ]
Mr. Réne Kamphuis [NL]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Ki-Tae Nam [KR]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Mr. Miguel Ordiales [ES]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Mr. Richard DeBlasio [US]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Ms. Carmen Rodriguez VillaGarcia [ES]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Mr. Seung-chan Chang [KR]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Mr. Giancarlo Scorsoni [IT]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Mr. Stan Calvert [US]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Mr. Won-Goo Lee [KR]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Mr. Matthias Stifter (AT)
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Mr. Carlos Madina (ES)
EXPERT [email@example.com ]
Mr. Hyeonhee Kwak (KR)
Phase 3 of IEA-DSM Task 17 will address the current role and potential of flexibility in electricity demand and supply of systems of energy consuming/producing processes in buildings (residential, commercial and industrial) equipped with DER (Electric Vehicles, PV, storage, heat pumps, ...) and their impacts on the grid and markets. The interdependence between the physical infrastructure of grid and the market side will also be looked upon. The scalability and applicability of conducted and ongoing projects with respect to specific regional differences and requirements will be explored.
Renewable energy resources are increasingly integrated in distribution grids and increasingly pose challenges in keeping the market and the grid balanced at any moment in time. The aim of this task is the exchange of experiences and developments in the field of this embedding, focusing on distributed and dispersed renewable energy generation resources and flexible demand in homes and buildings. Technologies like PV systems, smart electric vehicle (EV) charging and discharging, optimization of electricity storage and of operations of heat pumps and (micro)-CHP, in earlier phases explored from a technological point of view, will be considered in relation to energy management systems and energy services. Furthermore, utilization of the smart metering infrastructure is considered as a enabler/provider of dynamic and real-time tariffs. The smart meter allows taking small consumers out of standard profiles that currently socialize market effects to one aggregated profile for a large number of customers instead of to individual profiles allowing much stronger incentives for demand response than current tariff schemes. These smart meter based allocation and short term reconciliation schemes expose small customers directly to the electricity market and reward them for their flexibility. In task 17, existing experiences of pilot projects which combine these aspects will be analyzed and discussed. The application and realization of successful projects in participating countries with respect to the specific regional differences and requirements are in focus.
This Subtask will compile and evaluate the concepts and implementation of automated customer and home/building energy management systems (CEMS/HEMS):
- Controllability requirements
- Opportunities, challenges and barriers
- Energy and power balancing potentials
- Smart technologies: Smart Meter, CEMS, Virtual Power Plants, distributed generation and electrical storage, heat pumps
- The impact of these developments on existing metering, trade and billing processes
The introduction of DER into competitive energy markets and 'fit-and-forget'-based distributions systems has non expected effects. Information from various sources will be analysed. A framework and a methodology will be developed for assessing impact on
- Grid, market and prosumers operation
- Sharing common benefits/losses
- Societal optimization potential
- Regulatory and legislative requirements
- Comparison costs vs. delayed investments
Based on the results of collected pilots and case studies from the previous subtasks the results and findings of the finished projects in term of successful implementations, barriers and effectiveness will be analysed:
- Collection of data / Workshops
- Extrapolation from previously collected projects and applicability
Recommendations will be based on the experts’ opinion and will provide a ranking based on impacts, costs and likely future penetration.
A public workshop was arranged in Petten, Netherlands, July 9, 2008.
For the Agenda of the workshop click HERE
For the participants and summary of the workshop click HERE
Welcome at ECN - René Kamphuis, ECN
Introduction to IEA DSM and Task XVII
Introduction - Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT, Operating Agent
Driving forces and status in selected countries
Integration of DSM, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy sources and Energy Storages Issues in the Spanish system - Carlos Madina, Labein
IEA DSM Task XVII Integration of DSM, DG, RES and ES in Austria - Matthias Stifter, Arsenal Research (presented by Corentin Evens, VTT)
DG-RES transition technologies and the role of flexibility - René Kamphuis, ECN
Electric vehicles and heat pumps providing flexibility to facilitate
integration of large amounts of intermittent renewables - Frans Nieuwenhout, ECN
DER Status of Korea - Seungchan Chan, KEMCO
International activities in integration
IEA R, D&D WIND: Tasks 24/25 summary - Hannele Holttinen, VTT (presented by Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT)
IEA ENARD ANNEX II DG System Integration in Distribution Networks - Helfried Brunner, Arsenal Research (presented by Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT)
RESPOND project - Frits van Oostvorn, ECN
IEA DSM Task XVII Findings
Content of the State of the Art report - Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT
Policy, regulation, market in participating countries - Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT
Pilots and case studies review - Corentin Evens, VTT
Tools for analyzing DR, DG and storage integration - Jussi Ikäheimo, VTT
What is needed in the future to improve integration?
Round table discussion and feedback
Remarks @ workshop ECN Petten - Albert van der Molen, STEDIN.NET
A public workshop on "Today and Tomorrow for DER in Korea" was arranged in Seoul, Korea, on the 9th of September, 2008, in connection with the Task XVII Expert meeting.
The workshop included the following presentations:
Session 1: International Trends and Experiences
Findings and deliverables of IEA Demand Side Management Programme Task 17 - Seppo Kärkkäinen, Operating Agent
Application of DG-RES (u-CHP,PV) and demand response survey in the Netherlands - René Kamphuis, ECN, Netherlands
Integration of DSM, Distributed Generation, Renewables and Energy Storage Issues in the Spanish System - Raul Rodriguez, Labein-Tecnalia, Spain
Supporting and integrating RE-Electricity in Italy: the GSE experience - Giancarlo Scorsoni, GSE, Italy
Session 2: Korean DER potential and opportunities
DER status abd the way forward in Korea - Seungchan Chang, KEMCO, Korea
Reneable Energy Characteristics on Korean Electricity Market -
Ho-hyeon Yun, Korea Power eXchange, Korea
Frequency Shift Acceleration Control for Anti-islanding of a Distributed Generator - Seul-ki Kim, Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Korea
A public workshop was arraned in Sophia Antipolis on 18th of May in the connection of the expert meeting by Task XVII and ADEME.
Block 1: Presentation of the Task XVII and the preliminary results of the subtask 5
General overview of Task XVII – Seppo Kärkkäinen, Operating Agent, Elektraflex, Finland
Micro-CHP and Electric Vehicles in Austria - Rusbeh Rezania, TU Wien, Austria
Heat pumps and other DER technologies in Finland - Samuli Honkapuro, LUT (presenter: Göran Koreneff, VTT), Finland
ERDF Smart Metering - Jean-Christophe Delvallet, ERDF, France
Micro-CHP in the Netherlands - René Kamphuis, TNO/ECN, the Netherlands
Photovoltaic in Spain – Miguel Ordiales, Red Eléctrica de España, Spain (to be added)
Block 2: New results of ongoing or just finished case studies related to the integration
E-Energy project: E-DeMa - Sabine Kreutz, Technische Universität Dortmund, Germany
Modelling the effects of integration in the eTelligence project - Dierk Bauknecht and Dr. Matthias Koch, Öko-Institut e.V. Freiburg, Germany
ADDRESS Energy Box - Maarten Hommelberg, VITO, Belgium
Power Matching City, Integral fieldtest A - René Kamphuis, TNO/ECN, the Netherlands
ERDF Smartgrid Projects - Jean-Christophe Delvallet, ERDF, France
Block 3: Stakeholder involvement, business models and ICT
Microgeneration and new end-use technologies in ADDRESS, INCA and SEESGEN-ICT - Jussi Ikäheimo, VTT, Finland
Smart Charging in progress, a holistic approach towards a plural faceted topic - André Postma, Enexis, the Netherlands:
ICT for the Smart Grid and its Last Mile - Hans Akkermans, The Network Institute, VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
ICT opportunities in future Smart Grids - Pekka Wirtanen Nokia-Siemens, Finland
Smart Grid Data Aggregation - Patrick Pipet, Schneider Electric, France
The final public workshop hosted by Alliander was arranged in Arnhem, the Netherlands, 25th of April 2012
For the Agenda of the workshop click here
Marcel van Hest, "short introduction of Alliander"
Harry van Breen, Alliander, “Sense and Nonsense of Smartgrids for integration of DG-RES, DR and storage”
Block 1: Present state of the IEA-project Seppo Karkkainen/Jussi Ikaheimo
Seppo Kärkkäinen, Elektraflex, "Evaluation of demand response, DG-RES and storage technologies"
Jussi Ikäheimo, VTT, "Stakeholders and their roles"
Block 2: DER testing, operation and planning
Samuli Honkapuro and Jussi Tuunanen, Lappeenranta University of Technology: ”Impact of DER for planning and operation of electricity distribution grid and business”
Raphael Caire, Grenoble Institute of Technology/G2ELAB, “PREDIS: A smartgrid experimental test bed platform - practical example of self healing demonstration”
Asier Moltó Llovet, “Spanish most relevant SmartGrid demonstration projects”
Alfons Lansink, MS Livelab, "A living lab for the distribution grid"
Matthias Stifter, AIT: "Integration of RES on MV/LV networks . some experiences from field tests and current projects"
Block 3: Smart Electricity Ecosystems and Markets
Marcel van Hest, Alliander: “Building an innovation eco system”
Representative of Cybergrid, ‘’European Demand Response Center Project (EDRC)’’
George Huitema, TNO/NL: “The EU-FP7 EcoGrid project on the Isle of Bornholm”
Nouredine Hadjsaid, Grenoble Institute of Technology/G2ELAB: “GREENLYS, a large system view French Pilot project on Smartgrids”.
René Kamphuis, TNO/NL: “New use cases in the PowerMatchingCity-II project in Hoogkerk, the Netherlands”
Block 4: EV Integration
Gaizka Alberdi, EDF R&D, “Managing the impact of EV on the distribution network by use of Demand Response: The INTERPROJECT, a practical example"
Rusbeh Razania, TU Wien: "EV business models- Participation of EVs in control energy markets and the second life potential"
André Postma, Enexis Innovation: "Deployment of the charging infrastructure for vehicles in the Netherlands“
Wilfred Smith, Alliander,"The voice of the customer"
SUMMARY – Review on the Workshop on DSM: Potentials, Implementations and Experiences
Introduction Bletterie, Stifter
Benoît Bletterie, AIT – Workshop on DSM: Potentials, Implementations and Experiences
Matthias Stifter, AIT – IEA DSM Task 17: Integration of DSM, DG, RES and ES (Phase 3)
Georg Siegel, AIT - Buildings as interactive participants in Smart Grids: a demonstration project for DSM
Michael Wedler, B.A.U.M. Consult - Load flexibility in small and medium enterprises and criteria for successfully enabling them
Michael Schmidthaler, JKU – Load shifting in homes, industry and communities
Werner Ziel, SIEMENS – What can the industry provide to enable DSM in buildings
Block 2: DSM for distribution networks
Suryanarayana Doolla, IIT India – Current Status and potentials in India
Matthias Galus, BFE - A Swiss perspective of DSM for electricity networks – Overview of ongoing projects
Block 3: DSM for market participation
Florian Judex, AIT - Quantifying the demand shift on the basis of statistical methods – first evaluation from the project EcoGrid EU
Giannopoulos Georgios, ELIA - Analysis of the European Framework for Balancing Power – opportunities and new trends identified within the EcoGrid EU project
Jan Segerstam, Empower – Smart Grids and Energy Markets
Alexander Lurf, Cybergrid – eBADGE – Integrating the European electricity market
Steve Widegren, PNNL – Residential real-time pricing experience
Block 4: DSM and Electric Vehicles
Markus Radauer, Salzburg Netz – Smart Grids Model Region Salzburg: Implementation and experiences of controlled e-car charging
Christoph Maier, TU-Wien ESEA – Active DSM by forecasting