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Task 17 - Integration of Demand Side Management, Energy Efficiency, Distributed Generation and Renewable Energy Sources

Synopsis | Motivation | Objectives and Approach | Participation | Contacts | Links | Phase 3 | Events Phase 1 | Events Phase 2 | Events Phase 3 | Publications

Synopsis

As countries implement energy policies that promote energy efficiency, distributed generation and renewable energy resources, the share of distributed energy increases, particularly the intermittent type such as wind, solar, small hydro and combined heat and power (small and micro-CHP). Due to the fact that intermittent types of electricity generation are difficult to predict, electrical networks— both local and transmission— are turning to integrated distributed energy resource.

By combining distributed generation with energy storage and demand response,countries can decrease problems caused by distributed generation and increase the value of intermittent energy in the market.

The main objective of the Task is to study how to achieve the optimal integration of distributed generation, energy storages and flexible demand, and thus increase the value of distributed generation and demand response and decrease problems caused by intermittent distributed generation (mainly based on RES) in the physical electricity systems and at the electricity market. The Task deals with distributed energy resources both at local (distribution network and customer) level and at transmission system level where large wind farms are connected.

The first Phase of the Task was finished with seven participating countries in 2008 producing the state-of the art of the integration and proposal for the further studies.

On the basis of the Phase one the Task extension was started in 2010 with the main topics to assess the effects of the penetration of emerging DER technologies to different stakeholders and to the whole electricity system. Five countries participated in the Phase two and it finished in November 2012.

Phase three of the Task has started in May 2014.

Motivation

Energy policies are promoting distributed energy resources such as energy efficiency, distributed generation (DG), energy storage devices, and renewable energy resources (RES), increasing the number of DG installations and especially variable output (only partly controllable) sources like wind power, solar, small hydro and combined heat and power.

Intermittent generation like wind can cause problems in grids, in physical balances and in adequacy of power.

Thus, there are two goals for integrating distributed energy resources locally and globally: network management point of view and energy market objectives.

Solutions to decrease the problems caused by the variable output of intermittent resources are to add energy storages into the system, create more flexibility on the supply side to mitigate supply intermittency and load variation, and to increase flexibility in electricity consumption. Combining the different characteristics of these resources is essential in increasing the value of distributed energy resources in the bulk power system and in the energy market.

This Task is focusing on the aspects of this integration.

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Objectives and Approach

The main objective of this Task is to study how to achieve a better integration of flexible demand (Demand Response, Demand Side Management) with Distributed Generation, energy storages and Smart Grids. This would lead to an increase of the value of Demand Response, Demand Side Management and Distributed Generation and a decrease of problems caused by intermittent distributed generation (mainly based on renewable energy sources) in the physical electricity systems and at the electricity market.

Thus the integration means in this connection

-        how to optimally integrate and combine Demand Response and Energy Efficiency technologies  with Distributed Generation, Storage and Smart Grids technologies, at different network levels (low, medium and high voltage)

-        and how to combine the above mentioned technologies to ideally support the electricity networks and electricity market

The Task will provide the integration based solutions and examples on successful best practices to the problems defined above to the different stakeholders.

The first step in the Task was to carry out a scope study collecting information from the existing IEA Agreements, participating countries with the help of country experts and from organized workshops and other sources (research programs, field experience etc), analyzing the information on the basis of the above mentioned objectives and synthesizing the information to define the more detailed needs for the further work. The main output of the first step was this state-of-the art report and the proposal for the future work to be carried out as a second step of the Task.

On the basis of the Phase one the Task extension was started in 2010 with  the main topics  to assess the effects of the penetration of emerging DER technologies to different stakeholders and to the whole electricity system. The emerging DER technologies to be discussed include

-        plug-in electric and hybrid electric vehicles (PEV/PHEV)

-        different types of heatpumps for heating and cooling

-        photovoltaic at customer premises

-        micro-CHP at customer premises

-        energy storages (thermal/electricity) in the connection of previous technologies

-        smart metering

-        emerging ICT

-        Other technologies seen feasible in 10 – 20 years period, especially by 2020.

Phase 1

Subtask 1: Information collection on the characteristics of different types of DER in the integrated solutions

Subtask 2: Analysis of the information collected and preliminary conclusions (state of the art)

Subtask 3: Feedback from the stakeholders: Workshop

Subtask 4: Final conclusions and the detailed definition of the further work

Phase 2

Subtask 5: Assessment of technologies and their penetration in participating countries

Subtask 6: Pilots and case studies

Subtask 7: Stakeholders involved in the penetration and effects on the stakeholders

Subtask 8: Assessment of the quantitative effects on the power systems and stakeholders

Subtask 9: Conclusions and recommendations

Phase 3:

Subtask 10: Potentials of Flexible Prosumers

Subtask 11: Impact on stakeholders, grid and markets

Subtask 12: Sharing experiences

Subtask 13: Conclusions and recommendations


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Participation


Task 17

Austria (1,2,3)


 The Netherlands (1,2,3)
 
 Finland (1,2)
 

Italy (1,2)


Korea (2)


Netherlands (1,2,3)


Spain (1,2)


USA (1,3)


 France (1,2)
 
Sweden (3)
 
India (3)
 
Copper Alliance (3)
 
Switzerland (3)
 

 

Operating Agent

 

Participating Country

 

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Contacts

 

Mr. Seppo Kärkkäinen [FI](Operating Agent)

[ seppo.karkkainen@elektraflex.com ]

Ms. Alison Silverstein [US]

EXPERT [ alisonsilverstein@mac.com ]

Ms. Anna-Kaisa Karppinen [FI]

EXPERT [ anna-kaisa.karppinen@merinova.fi ]

Ms. Susana Banares [ES]

EXPERT [ sbanares@ree.es ]

Mr. Gilbert Bindewald [US]

EXPERT [ gilbert.bindewald@hq.doe.gov ]

Mr. Jussi Ikäheimo [FI]

EXPERT [ jussi.ikaheimo.vtt.fi ]

Mr. Réne Kamphuis [NL]

EXPERT [ kamphuis@ecn.nl ]

Ki-Tae Nam [KR]

EXPERT [ ktnam@kemco.or.kr ]

Mr. Miguel Ordiales [ES]

EXPERT [ mordiales@ree.es ]

Mr. Richard DeBlasio [US]

EXPERT [ dick_deblasio@nrel.gov ]

Ms. Carmen Rodriguez VillaGarcia [ES]

EXPERT [ carmenrodri@ree.es ]

Mr. Seung-chan Chang [KR]

EXPERT [ schang@kemco.or.kr ]

Mr. Giancarlo Scorsoni [IT]

EXPERT [ giancarlo.scorsoni@gsel.it ]

Mr. Stan Calvert [US]

EXPERT [ stan.calvert@hq.doe.gov ]

Mr. Won-Goo Lee [KR]

EXPERT [ wglee@kemco.or.kr ]

Mr. Matthias Stifter (AT)

EXPERT [ matthias.stifter@ait.ac.at ]

Mr. Carlos Madina (ES)

EXPERT [cmadina@labein.es ]

Mr. Hyeonhee Kwak (KR)

EXPERT [dbdeep26@kemco.or.kr]

Mr. Peter Palensky (AT) EXPERT [peter.palensky@ait.ac.at]
Mr. Rusbeh Rezania (AT)
EXPERT [rezania@eeg.tuwien.ac.at]
Mr. Jarmo Partanen [FI] EXPERT [jarmo.partanen@lut.fi]
Mr. Samuli Honkapuro [FI] EXPERT [samuli.honkapuro@lut.fi]
Mr. Dominique Fourtune [FR] EXPERT [dominique.fourtune@ademe.fr]
Mr. Vincent Krakowski [FR] EXPERT [vincent.krakowski@ademe.fr]
Mr. Nouredine Hadjsaid [FR] EXPERT [hadjsai@g2elab.grenoble-inp.fr]
Mr. Jean-Cristophe Maisonobe [FR] EXPERT [jean-cristophe.maissonobe@g2elab.grenoble-inp.fr]
Mr. Andre Postma [NL] EXPERT [ andre.postma@enexis.nl]

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Links

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Phase 3

 

Phase 3 of IEA-DSM Task 17 will address the current role and potential of flexibility in electricity demand and supply of systems of energy consuming/producing processes in buildings (residential, commercial and industrial) equipped with DER (Electric Vehicles, PV, storage, heat pumps, ...) and their impacts on the grid and markets. The interdependence between the physical infrastructure of grid and the market side will also be looked upon. The scalability and applicability of conducted and ongoing projects with respect to specific regional differences and requirements will be explored.


Renewable energy resources are increasingly integrated in distribution grids and increasingly pose challenges in keeping the market and the grid balanced at any moment in time. The aim of this task is the exchange of experiences and developments in the field of this embedding, focusing on distributed and dispersed renewable energy generation resources and flexible demand in homes and buildings. Technologies like PV systems, smart electric vehicle (EV) charging and discharging, optimization of electricity storage and of operations of heat pumps and (micro)-CHP, in earlier phases explored from a technological point of view, will be considered in relation to energy management systems and energy services. Furthermore, utilization of the smart metering infrastructure is considered as a enabler/provider of dynamic and real-time tariffs. The smart meter allows taking small consumers out of standard profiles that currently socialize market effects to one aggregated profile for a large number of customers instead of to individual profiles allowing much stronger incentives for demand response than current tariff schemes. These smart meter based allocation and short term reconciliation schemes expose small customers directly to the electricity market and reward them for their flexibility. In task 17, existing experiences of pilot projects which combine these aspects will be analyzed and discussed. The application and realization of successful projects in participating countries with respect to the specific regional differences and requirements are in focus.


Subtask 10: Potentials of Flexible Prosumers

This Subtask will compile and evaluate the concepts and implementation of automated customer and home/building energy management systems (CEMS/HEMS):

-       Controllability requirements

-       Opportunities, challenges and barriers

-       Energy and power balancing potentials

-       Smart technologies: Smart Meter, CEMS, Virtual Power Plants, distributed generation and electrical storage, heat pumps

-       The impact of these developments on existing metering, trade and billing processes

Subtask 11: Impact on stakeholder

The introduction of DER into competitive energy markets and 'fit-and-forget'-based distributions systems has non expected effects. Information from various sources will be analysed. A framework and a methodology will be developed for assessing impact on

-       Grid, market and prosumers operation

-       Sharing common benefits/losses

-       Societal optimization potential

-       Regulatory and legislative requirements

-       Comparison costs vs. delayed investments

Subtask 12 - Sharing experiences

Based on the results of collected pilots and case studies from the previous subtasks the results and findings of the finished projects in term of successful implementations, barriers and effectiveness will be analysed:

-       Collection of data / Workshops

-       Extrapolation from previously collected projects and applicability 

Subtask 13: Conclusion and Recommendation

Recommendations will be based on the experts’ opinion and will provide a ranking based on impacts, costs and likely future penetration.


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Events Phase 1

Workshop - Petten, Netherlands

A public workshop was arranged in Petten, Netherlands, July 9, 2008.

For the Agenda of the workshop click HERE  

For the participants and summary of the workshop click HERE 

Opening
Welcome at ECN  - René Kamphuis, ECN

Introduction to IEA DSM and Task XVII
Introduction - Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT, Operating Agent

Driving forces and status in selected countries

Integration of DSM, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy sources and Energy Storages Issues in the Spanish system - Carlos Madina, Labein

IEA DSM Task XVII Integration of DSM, DG, RES and ES in Austria  - Matthias Stifter, Arsenal Research (presented by Corentin Evens, VTT)

DG-RES transition technologies and the role of flexibility - René Kamphuis, ECN

ITM Electric vehicles and heat pumps providing flexibility to facilitate integration of large amounts of intermittent renewables - Frans Nieuwenhout, ECN

DER Status of Korea - Seungchan Chan, KEMCO

International activities in integration

IEA R, D&D WIND: Tasks 24/25 summary  - Hannele Holttinen, VTT (presented by Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT)

IEA ENARD ANNEX II DG System Integration in Distribution Networks - Helfried Brunner, Arsenal Research (presented by Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT)

RESPOND project  - Frits van Oostvorn, ECN

IEA DSM Task XVII Findings

Content of the State of the Art report  - Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT

Policy, regulation, market in participating countries  - Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT

Pilots and case studies review  - Corentin Evens, VTT

Tools  for analyzing DR, DG and storage integration - Jussi Ikäheimo, VTT

What is needed in the future to improve integration?

Round table discussion and feedback

Remarks @ workshop ECN Petten - Albert van der Molen, STEDIN.NET

Workshop - Seoul, Korea

A public workshop on "Today and Tomorrow for DER in Korea" was arranged in Seoul, Korea, on the 9th of September, 2008, in connection with the Task XVII Expert meeting.

The workshop included the following presentations:

Session 1: International Trends and Experiences

Findings and deliverables of IEA Demand Side Management Programme Task 17 - Seppo Kärkkäinen, Operating Agent

Application of DG-RES (u-CHP,PV) and demand response survey in the Netherlands - René Kamphuis, ECN, Netherlands

Integration of DSM, Distributed Generation, Renewables and Energy Storage Issues in the Spanish System - Raul Rodriguez, Labein-Tecnalia, Spain

Supporting and integrating RE-Electricity in Italy: the GSE experience - Giancarlo Scorsoni, GSE, Italy

Session 2: Korean DER potential and opportunities

DER status abd the way forward in Korea - Seungchan Chang, KEMCO, Korea

Reneable Energy Characteristics on Korean Electricity Market -
Ho-hyeon Yun, Korea Power eXchange, Korea

Frequency Shift Acceleration Control for Anti-islanding of a Distributed Generator - Seul-ki Kim, Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Korea

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Events Phase 2


Workshop in Sophia Antipolis, France, May 18, 2011

 A public workshop was arraned in Sophia Antipolis on 18th of May in the connection of the expert meeting by Task XVII and ADEME.

For the Agenda of the workshop click here

The workshop included the following presentations

Block 1: Presentation of the Task XVII and the preliminary results of the subtask 5

General overview of Task XVII – Seppo Kärkkäinen, Operating Agent, Elektraflex, Finland


Austria: Current situation an future scenarios to integrate DSM - Matthias Stifter and Sawsan Henein, AIT Energy Department, Austria

Micro-CHP and Electric Vehicles in Austria - Rusbeh Rezania, TU Wien, Austria

Heat pumps and other DER technologies in Finland - Samuli Honkapuro, LUT (presenter: Göran Koreneff, VTT), Finland

ERDF Smart Metering - Jean-Christophe Delvallet, ERDF, France

Micro-CHP in the Netherlands - René Kamphuis, TNO/ECN, the Netherlands

Photovoltaic in Spain – Miguel Ordiales, Red Eléctrica de España, Spain (to be added)

Block 2: New results of ongoing or just finished case studies related to the integration

E-Energy project: E-DeMa - Sabine Kreutz, Technische Universität Dortmund, Germany

Modelling the effects of integration in the eTelligence project - Dierk Bauknecht and Dr. Matthias Koch, Öko-Institut e.V. Freiburg, Germany

ADDRESS Energy Box - Maarten Hommelberg, VITO, Belgium

Power Matching City, Integral fieldtest A -  René Kamphuis, TNO/ECN, the Netherlands

ERDF Smartgrid ProjectsJean-Christophe Delvallet, ERDF, France

Block 3: Stakeholder involvement, business models and ICT

Microgeneration and new end-use technologies in ADDRESS, INCA and SEESGEN-ICT - Jussi Ikäheimo, VTT, Finland

Smart Charging in progress, a holistic approach towards a plural faceted topic - André Postma, Enexis, the Netherlands:

ICT for the Smart Grid and its Last Mile - Hans Akkermans, The Network Institute, VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

ICT opportunities in future Smart Grids - Pekka Wirtanen Nokia-Siemens, Finland

Smart Grid Data Aggregation - Patrick Pipet, Schneider Electric, France


Workshop in Arnhem, the Netherlands, 25th of April 2012

The final public workshop hosted by Alliander was arranged in Arnhem, the Netherlands, 25th of April 2012

For the Agenda of the workshop  click here 

Introduction Alliander

Marcel van Hest, "short introduction of Alliander"

Harry van Breen, Alliander, Sense and Nonsense of Smartgrids for integration of DG-RES, DR and storage”

Block 1: Present state of the IEA-project Seppo Karkkainen/Jussi Ikaheimo

Seppo Kärkkäinen, Elektraflex, "Evaluation of demand response, DG-RES and storage technologies"

Jussi Ikäheimo, VTT, "Stakeholders and their roles"

Block 2: DER testing, operation and planning

Samuli Honkapuro and Jussi Tuunanen, Lappeenranta University of Technology: Impact of DER for planning and operation of electricity distribution grid and business

Raphael Caire, Grenoble Institute of Technology/G2ELAB,  PREDIS: A smartgrid experimental test bed platform - practical example of self healing demonstration

Asier Moltó Llovet, “Spanish most relevant SmartGrid demonstration projects

Alfons Lansink, MS Livelab, "A living lab for the distribution grid"

Matthias Stifter, AIT:  "Integration of RES on MV/LV networks . some experiences from field tests and current projects"

Block 3: Smart Electricity Ecosystems and Markets

Marcel van Hest, Alliander: “Building an innovation eco system

Representative of Cybergrid, ‘’European Demand Response Center Project (EDRC)’’

George Huitema, TNO/NL: “The EU-FP7 EcoGrid project on the Isle of Bornholm

Nouredine Hadjsaid, Grenoble Institute of Technology/G2ELAB: “GREENLYS, a large system view French Pilot project on Smartgrids”.

René Kamphuis, TNO/NL: “New use cases in the PowerMatchingCity-II project in Hoogkerk, the Netherlands

Block 4: EV Integration

Gaizka Alberdi, EDF R&D, “Managing the impact of EV on the distribution network by use of Demand Response: The INTERPROJECT, a practical example"

Rusbeh Razania, TU Wien: "EV business models- Participation of EVs in control energy markets and the second life potential"

André Postma, Enexis Innovation: "Deployment of the charging infrastructure for vehicles in the Netherlands

Wilfred Smith, Alliander,"The voice of the customer"


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Events Phase 3

Workshop in Graz, Austria, 20th of May 2014

Introduction Bletterie, Stifter

Benoît Bletterie, AIT Workshop on DSM: Potentials, Implementations and Experiences

Matthias Stifter, AIT IEA DSM Task 17: Integration of DSM, DG, RES and ES (Phase 3)

Block 1: DSM potentials of buildings

Georg Siegel, AIT - Buildings as interactive participants in Smart Grids: a demonstration project for DSM

Michael Wedler, B.A.U.M. Consult - Load flexibility in small and medium enterprises and criteria for successfully enabling them

Michael Schmidthaler, JKU – Load shifting in homes, industry and communities

Werner Ziel, SIEMENS – What can the industry provide to enable DSM in buildings

Block 2: DSM for distribution networks

Suryanarayana Doolla, IIT India – Current Status and potentials in India

René Kamphuis, TNO – Power Matching City II, Demonstration of multi-objective optimization in a living lab

Matthias Galus, BFE - A Swiss perspective of DSM for electricity networks – Overview of ongoing projects

Block 3: DSM for market participation

Florian Judex, AIT - Quantifying the demand shift on the basis of statistical methods – first evaluation from the project EcoGrid EU

Giannopoulos Georgios, ELIA - Analysis of the European Framework for Balancing Power – opportunities and new trends identified within the EcoGrid EU project

Jan Segerstam, Empower – Smart Grids and Energy Markets

Alexander Lurf, Cybergrid – eBADGE – Integrating the European electricity market

Steve Widegren, PNNL – Residential real-time pricing experience

Block 4: DSM and Electric Vehicles

Markus Radauer, Salzburg Netz – Smart Grids Model Region Salzburg: Implementation and experiences of controlled e-car charging

Christoph Maier, TU-Wien ESEA – Active DSM by forecasting



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Publications

Task XVII Flyer
[162 kb]
 Task XVII Flyer...
Final report - Annex report Vol 2
[2816 kb]
 Final report - Annex report Vol 2...
Final report - main report Vol 1
[932 kb]
 Final report - Main report Vol1...
Assessment of the quantitative effects on the power systems and stakeholders - case studies from Austria and Finland Subtask 8 Report
[3682 kb]
 Subtask 8 report...
Full electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles from the power system perspective - Subtask 5, Report n:o 1
[2550 kb]
 Subtask 5 report 1...
Heat pumps for cooling and heating - Subtask 5, Report n:o 3
[2623 kb]
 Subtask 5 report 3...
Micro-CHP technologies for distributed generation - Subtask 5, Report n:o 2
[1852 kb]
 Subtask 5 report 2...
Photovoltaic at customer premises - Subtask 5, Report n:o 4
[1495 kb]
 Subtask 5 report 4...
Smart metering - Subtask 5, Report n:o 5
[1558 kb]
 Subtask 5 report 5...
Stakeholders involved in the deployment of microgeneration and new end-use technologies - Subtask 7 Report
[6713 kb]
 Subtask 7 report...
Summary and conclusions - Subtask 9 Report
[1611 kb]
 Summary report...

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