Energy Contracting – also labeled as ESCo or Energy Service (ES) – is a many times proven DSM instrument to implement performance-based energy efficiency measures for lighting, HVAC-technologies or even comprehensive refurbishment of buildings. An Energy Service Company (ESCo) takes over the technical and commercial implementation and operation risks and has to guarantee for it’s cost and results. ESCo services are also well suited to implement innovative energy technologies and renewable energy systems.
In this Task ESCo experts from around the world join forces to contribute to the market development of performance-based Energy Services by:
1. establishing an Energy Services Expert Platform,
2. designing, elaborating and testing innovative energy services and financing models and to publish them in a series of manuals,
3. developing and following up on country specific activities for implementing energy services in the market with a focus on selected market segments and
4. offering expertise and initiating joint projects and services with other international organizations (e.g., presentations, coaching and training).
Participation in Task 16-Extension is open to 1 or 2 additional countries. For further info you may contact the operating agent Jan W. Bleyl @ EnergeticSolutions@email.de, Phone +43 650 7992820 or download a task flyer (Publications).
This Task focuses on the complexities of human energy-using behaviour, looking at the individual, societal and whole-system perspective of energy use. Many global experts participate and help unravel these complexities in order to access the large end-user behaviour change potential for DSM programmes (estimated to be in the range of >30%). Once the ‘loop’ between different ‘Behaviour Changers’ (researchers, funders, policymakers, DSM implementers, and energy end users) is closed will this potential be more likely to be realised in practice.
The current pace of change within the electricity supply industry worldwide is unprecedented. The wide ranging measures being implemented to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gas emissions, particularly the wide-scale deployment of time variable renewable generation, presents a number of challenges in relation to the balance of supply and demand. No longer is it considered viable for electricity to be provided ‘on demand’ in response to the requirements of end-users. Rather, a co-ordinated approach is required whereby energy production and demand are integrated to ensure the use of renewables can be optimised whilst also minimising the use fossil fired generation and network infrastructure investment. Such an approach is the essence of the Smart Grid concept.
Whilst there is considerable focus on the technological aspects of delivering Smart Grids, little is understood of the extent to which consumers are willing to embrace new technologies and initiatives that enable their use of energy to be actively managed. There is a real risk that if customers do not adopt new approaches to the way that they consume electricity, Smart Grids may not be able to achieve their full potential
Therefore, this Task was set up to focus on investigating the role of consumers in delivering effective Smart Grids.
The primary objective of IEA DSM Task 22, Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standards, was to develop a best practice guide for the design, development, implementation and monitoring of Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standards (EEPS).
Experts from countries with EEPS programmes and countries planning to introduce EEPS programme participated. Participation in the Task helped countries review their programmes beyond any existing boundaries and consider a broader approach. Experts also analysed inter-linkages between EEPS schemes and other schemes, such as energy efficiency, renewable energy and emissions trading.
During the period 2009-2014, Task 21 researched options for harmonising energy savings calculations, contributed to easier comparisons of international energy savings and researched next steps to further harmonise energy savings calculations.
Task 20 built upon the results of IEA DSM Task 7: Market Transformation. While DSM Task 7 took the initial step towards developing a framework for market transformation, it was time to evolve a comprehensive framework that could be used by government and industry to develop the market for energy efficient products.
Task 19 investigated the implementation of TOU pricing, remote/automatic demand switching and energy end use monitoring for SME and residential customers so as to quantify the costs, benefits and business viability of such measures from the System Operator, Demand Balancing and energy saving perspectives.
Specific objectives of Task 19 were to: Define DR and Energy Saving products to meet System Operator, Supplier, Government and Customer requirements.
The fourth IPCC Working Group III Report “Mitigation of Climate Change” identified demand side management programs as a mechanism that may be effective in reducing emissions.
Task 18 investigated the potential contribution to mitigating GHG emissions that can be made by demand side management measures. Task 18 also examined the extent to which GHG emissions mitigation measures can provide benefits to electricity systems.
Task 17 – Integration of Demand Side Management, Energy Efficiency, Distributed Generation and Renewable Energy Sources
As countries implement energy policies that promote energy efficiency, distributed generation and renewable energy resources, the share of distributed energy increases, particularly the intermittent type such as wind, solar, small hydro and combined heat and power (small and micro-CHP). Due to the fact that intermittent types of electricity generation are difficult to predict, electrical networks— both local and transmission— are turning to integrated distributed energy resource.
By combining distributed generation with energy storage and demand response,countries can decrease problems caused by distributed generation and increase the value of intermittent energy in the market.
The main objective of the Task is to study how to achieve the optimal integration of distributed generation, energy storages and flexible demand, and thus increase the value of distributed generation and demand response and decrease problems caused by intermittent distributed generation (mainly based on RES) in the physical electricity systems and at the electricity market. The Task deals with distributed energy resources both at local (distribution network and customer) level and at transmission system level where large wind farms are connected.
The first Phase of the Task was finished with seven participating countries in 2008 producing the state-of the art of the integration and proposal for the further studies.
On the basis of the Phase one the Task extension was started in 2010 with the main topics to assess the effects of the penetration of emerging DER technologies to different stakeholders and to the whole electricity system. Five countries participated in Phase 2 and it finished in November 2012.
Phase 3 of the Task has started in May 2014 and was completed in October 2016.
Task 15 on ‘Network-driven’ demand-side management (DSM) was concerned with reducing demand on electricity networks (grids) in specific ways which maintain system reliability in the immediate term and over the longer term defer the need for network augmentation.
Problems in electricity networks were becoming significant in countries where electricity demand was increasing and network infrastructure (‘poles and wires’) were ageing. As loads grow and infrastructure reaches the end of its economic life, the potential cost of augmenting and providing support services for electricity networks is increasing exponentially.
Task 15 identified and developed a wide range of DSM measures that can:
• relieve constraints on electricity distribution and/or transmission networks at lower costs than building ‘poles and wires’ solutions; and
• provide operational support services for electricity networks, achieving peak load reductions with various response times.