Task 5 – Investigation of Techniques for Implementation of Demand-Side Management Technology in the Market Place
Participants developed a common methodology for implementing DSM technology with residential small commercial and small industrial customers. This methodology modelled small customer markets in basic units with objective characteristics such as kinds of end-use equipment, cost of network equipment, family or business types, socio-cultural values.Participants also conducted a survey in their countries of the methods that utilities and governments have successfully used to market DSM technologies in residential, small commercial and small industrial markets.
Based upon the methodology developed above, each participant carried out a pilot project for a particular small customer market. The results of the pilot programmes were measured and their success evaluated. Results in different countries were compared and their similarities and differences were explained. Within each country results of the pilot programme were compared with results of previous programmes in order to document improvements realised in programme effectiveness.
This Task reviewed and documented utility structures and integrated planning approaches in IEA-member countries. Participants performed a review and comparative assessment of government and utility power sector planning priorities in IEA-member and non-member countries with a view to their implications for the integration of DSM options into resource planning. They also compiled information on the methods, techniques and models for demand forecasting and integrated planning being used in their respective countries by utilities and government.
Based on this review, a guidebook was developed describing alternative approaches and summarising examples of how these methodologies have been incorporated. Case studies documenting successful applications from several countries were included. Taking into consideration the factors influencing DSM in participating countries, guidelines were developed on how to transfer processes, methods, techniques and models for incorporating DSM in resource planning from one country to another. Included in this book were issues related to differences in market conditions, supply characteristics, utility structure, regulatory environments, pricing and tariff structures and government policies.
Task 4 also investigated mechanisms to promote DSM and energy efficiency in new business environments. This included a critical review of mechanisms which have been used or proposed for use, to incorporate DSM and energy efficiency into restructured electricity industries. The results were presented in three workshops.
Task 3 was carried out between 1994 and 1999 with eight countries and the European Commission as participants. A procedure for collaborative procurement actions for the introduction of innovative, more energy efficient products was developed and tested in a number of pilot projects. Concrete results included a clothes drier with the energy use cut by half (the first “Class A” drier), electric motors with losses reduced by 20-40%, and a “copier of the future” where the energy use was reduced down to 25%.
After evaluation of proposals and prototypes, the suppliers of the clothes drier, the electric motor and the copier received the IEA DSM Award of Excellence introduced by Task 3. The products were thereafter commercially available.
A major conclusion from Task 3 was that the creation of buyer groups, formulation of performance criteria and creation of mechanisms for recognition are some of the important elements in co-operative procurement efforts.
Task 2 started in 1993 and was concluded in 2003. In consequence the Task carried out work over the whole period of transition of utility businesses in many countries from utilities with a single product offering to full commercial companies. New utility businesses are now competitive entities seeking to offer a range of products to meet customer and market requirements. Task 2 was initially conceived to study the issue of providing cost effective communication for energy management services in a utility environment.
Task 1 Subtask 9 – Evaluation Guidebook on the impact of DSM and Energy Efficiency Programmes for Kyoto’s GHG Targets
The work in this Task aimed at developing, testing, and promoting an evaluation guidebook for governmental and non-governmental Energy Efficiency Programmes and also for (utility) DSM programmes targeted towards energy end-users and focussed on GHG reductions to meet Kyoto’s targets.
Many governments have signed the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol to this Convention. Also the EU Directive for Buildings Performance (EDBP) and the (fore coming) EU Directive on Energy End-use and Energy Services (ESD) request demonstrable progress and verified savings. In the light of these developments experts from Sweden, the Netherlands, Korea, Italy, France, Denmark, Canada and Belgium worked together to prepare an evaluation Guidebook, which consists of two volumes. Volume I deals with evaluation theory and advises on how to conduct evaluations for five types of policy measures and programmes and Volume II holds over thirty evaluation case examples.
Task I – Subtask 8 realised the objectives, stated in 1994, to develop a database on DSM programmes, the International Database on Energy Effiency Programmes (INDEEP) and to analyse the data. The Task started in 1994 and developed a methodology to collect data and present it in order to aid utilities and governments to design EE-DSM programmes which reach more customers and save more energy at lower cost.