Task 17 – Integration of Demand Side Management, Energy Efficiency, Distributed Generation and Renewable Energy Sources
As countries implement energy policies that promote energy efficiency, distributed generation and renewable energy resources, the share of distributed energy increases, particularly the intermittent type such as wind, solar, small hydro and combined heat and power (small and micro-CHP). Due to the fact that intermittent types of electricity generation are difficult to predict, electrical networks— both local and transmission— are turning to integrated distributed energy resource.
By combining distributed generation with energy storage and demand response,countries can decrease problems caused by distributed generation and increase the value of intermittent energy in the market.
The main objective of the Task is to study how to achieve the optimal integration of distributed generation, energy storages and flexible demand, and thus increase the value of distributed generation and demand response and decrease problems caused by intermittent distributed generation (mainly based on RES) in the physical electricity systems and at the electricity market. The Task deals with distributed energy resources both at local (distribution network and customer) level and at transmission system level where large wind farms are connected.
The first Phase of the Task was finished with seven participating countries in 2008 producing the state-of the art of the integration and proposal for the further studies.
On the basis of the Phase one the Task extension was started in 2010 with the main topics to assess the effects of the penetration of emerging DER technologies to different stakeholders and to the whole electricity system. Five countries participated in the Phase two and it finished in November 2012.
Phase three of the Task has started in May 2014.
Energy policies are promoting distributed energy resources such as energy efficiency, distributed generation (DG), energy storage devices, and renewable energy resources (RES), increasing the number of DG installations and especially variable output (only partly controllable) sources like wind power, solar, small hydro and combined heat and power.
Intermittent generation like wind can cause problems in grids, in physical balances and in adequacy of power.
Thus, there are two goals for integrating distributed energy resources locally and globally: network management point of view and energy market objectives.
Solutions to decrease the problems caused by the variable output of intermittent resources are to add energy storages into the system, create more flexibility on the supply side to mitigate supply intermittency and load variation, and to increase flexibility in electricity consumption. Combining the different characteristics of these resources is essential in increasing the value of distributed energy resources in the bulk power system and in the energy market.
This Task is focusing on the aspects of this integration.
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Objectives and Approach
The main objective of this Task is to study how to achieve a better integration of flexible demand (Demand Response, Demand Side Management) with Distributed Generation, energy storages and Smart Grids. This would lead to an increase of the value of Demand Response, Demand Side Management and Distributed Generation and a decrease of problems caused by intermittent distributed generation (mainly based on renewable energy sources) in the physical electricity systems and at the electricity market.
Thus the integration means in this connection
- how to optimally integrate and combine Demand Response and Energy Efficiency technologies with Distributed Generation, Storage and Smart Grids technologies, at different network levels (low, medium and high voltage)
- and how to combine the above mentioned technologies to ideally support the electricity networks and electricity market
The Task will provide the integration based solutions and examples on successful best practices to the problems defined above to the different stakeholders.
The first step in the Task was to carry out a scope study collecting information from the existing IEA Agreements, participating countries with the help of country experts and from organized workshops and other sources (research programs, field experience etc), analyzing the information on the basis of the above mentioned objectives and synthesizing the information to define the more detailed needs for the further work. The main output of the first step was this state-of-the art report and the proposal for the future work to be carried out as a second step of the Task.
On the basis of the Phase one the Task extension was started in 2010 with the main topics to assess the effects of the penetration of emerging DER technologies to different stakeholders and to the whole electricity system. The emerging DER technologies to be discussed include
- plug-in electric and hybrid electric vehicles (PEV/PHEV)
- different types of heatpumps for heating and cooling
- photovoltaic at customer premises
- micro-CHP at customer premises
- energy storages (thermal/electricity) in the connection of previous technologies
- smart metering
- emerging ICT
- Other technologies seen feasible in 10 – 20 years period, especially by 2020.
Subtask 1: Information collection on the characteristics of different types of DER in the integrated solutions
Subtask 2: Analysis of the information collected and preliminary conclusions (state of the art)
Subtask 3: Feedback from the stakeholders: Workshop
Subtask 4: Final conclusions and the detailed definition of the further work
Subtask 5: Assessment of technologies and their penetration in participating countries
Subtask 6: Pilots and case studies
Subtask 7: Stakeholders involved in the penetration and effects on the stakeholders
Subtask 8: Assessment of the quantitative effects on the power systems and stakeholders
Subtask 9: Conclusions and recommendations
Subtask 10: Potentials of Flexible Prosumers
Subtask 11: Impact on stakeholders, grid and markets
Subtask 12: Sharing experiences
Subtask 13: Conclusions and recommendations
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|The Netherlands (1,2,3)|
|Copper Alliance (3)|
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Mr. Seppo Kärkkäinen [FI](Operating Agent)
Ms. Alison Silverstein [US]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Ms. Anna-Kaisa Karppinen [FI]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Ms. Susana Banares [ES]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Mr. Gilbert Bindewald [US]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Mr. Jussi Ikäheimo [FI]
EXPERT [ jussi.ikaheimo.vtt.fi ]
Mr. Réne Kamphuis [NL]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Ki-Tae Nam [KR]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Mr. Miguel Ordiales [ES]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Mr. Richard DeBlasio [US]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Ms. Carmen Rodriguez VillaGarcia [ES]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Mr. Seung-chan Chang [KR]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Mr. Giancarlo Scorsoni [IT]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Mr. Stan Calvert [US]
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Mr. Won-Goo Lee [KR]
EXPERT [ firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Mr. Matthias Stifter (AT)
EXPERT [ email@example.com ]
Mr. Carlos Madina (ES)
EXPERT [firstname.lastname@example.org ]
Mr. Hyeonhee Kwak (KR)
|Mr. Peter Palensky (AT)||EXPERT [email@example.com]|
|Mr. Rusbeh Rezania (AT)||EXPERT [firstname.lastname@example.org]|
|Mr. Jarmo Partanen [FI]||EXPERT [email@example.com]|
|Mr. Samuli Honkapuro [FI]||EXPERT [firstname.lastname@example.org]|
|Mr. Dominique Fourtune [FR]||EXPERT [email@example.com]|
|Mr. Vincent Krakowski [FR]||EXPERT [firstname.lastname@example.org]|
|Mr. Nouredine Hadjsaid [FR]||EXPERT [email@example.com]|
|Mr. Jean-Cristophe Maisonobe [FR]||EXPERT [firstname.lastname@example.org]|
|Mr. Andre Postma [NL]||EXPERT [ email@example.com]|
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Events Phase 1
Workshop – Petten, Netherlands
A public workshop was arranged in Petten, Netherlands, July 9, 2008.
For the Agenda of the workshop click HERE
For the participants and summary of the workshop click HERE
Welcome at ECN – René Kamphuis, ECN
Introduction to IEA DSM and Task XVII
Introduction - Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT, Operating Agent
Driving forces and status in selected countries
IEA DSM Task XVII Integration of DSM, DG, RES and ES in Austria – Matthias Stifter, Arsenal Research (presented by Corentin Evens, VTT)
DG-RES transition technologies and the role of flexibility - René Kamphuis, ECN
DER Status of Korea - Seungchan Chan, KEMCO
International activities in integration
IEA R, D&D WIND: Tasks 24/25 summary – Hannele Holttinen, VTT (presented by Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT)
IEA ENARD ANNEX II DG System Integration in Distribution Networks - Helfried Brunner, Arsenal Research (presented by Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT)
RESPOND project – Frits van Oostvorn, ECN
IEA DSM Task XVII Findings
Content of the State of the Art report – Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT
Policy, regulation, market in participating countries – Seppo Kärkkäinen, VTT
Pilots and case studies review – Corentin Evens, VTT
Tools for analyzing DR, DG and storage integration - Jussi Ikäheimo, VTT
What is needed in the future to improve integration?
Round table discussion and feedback
Remarks @ workshop ECN Petten - Albert van der Molen, STEDIN.NET
Workshop – Seoul, Korea
A public workshop on “Today and Tomorrow for DER in Korea” was arranged in Seoul, Korea, on the 9th of September, 2008, in connection with the Task XVII Expert meeting.
The workshop included the following presentations:
Session 1: International Trends and Experiences
Findings and deliverables of IEA Demand Side Management Programme Task 17 - Seppo Kärkkäinen, Operating Agent
Application of DG-RES (u-CHP,PV) and demand response survey in the Netherlands - René Kamphuis, ECN, Netherlands
Integration of DSM, Distributed Generation, Renewables and Energy Storage Issues in the Spanish System - Raul Rodriguez, Labein-Tecnalia, Spain
Supporting and integrating RE-Electricity in Italy: the GSE experience - Giancarlo Scorsoni, GSE, Italy
Session 2: Korean DER potential and opportunities
DER status abd the way forward in Korea - Seungchan Chang, KEMCO, Korea
Reneable Energy Characteristics on Korean Electricity Market -
Ho-hyeon Yun, Korea Power eXchange, Korea
Frequency Shift Acceleration Control for Anti-islanding of a Distributed Generator - Seul-ki Kim, Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Korea
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Events Phase 2
Workshop in Sophia Antipolis, France, May 18, 2011
A public workshop was arraned in Sophia Antipolis on 18th of May in the connection of the expert meeting by Task XVII and ADEME.
For the Agenda of the workshop click here
The workshop included the following presentations
Block 1: Presentation of the Task XVII and the preliminary results of the subtask 5
General overview of Task XVII – Seppo Kärkkäinen, Operating Agent, Elektraflex, Finland
Austria: Current situation an future scenarios to integrate DSM – Matthias Stifter and Sawsan Henein, AIT Energy Department, Austria
Micro-CHP and Electric Vehicles in Austria – Rusbeh Rezania, TU Wien, Austria
Heat pumps and other DER technologies in Finland – Samuli Honkapuro, LUT (presenter: Göran Koreneff, VTT), Finland
ERDF Smart Metering – Jean-Christophe Delvallet, ERDF, France
Micro-CHP in the Netherlands – René Kamphuis, TNO/ECN, the Netherlands
Photovoltaic in Spain – Miguel Ordiales, Red Eléctrica de España, Spain (to be added)
Block 2: New results of ongoing or just finished case studies related to the integration
E-Energy project: E-DeMa – Sabine Kreutz, Technische Universität Dortmund, Germany
Modelling the effects of integration in the eTelligence project – Dierk Bauknecht and Dr. Matthias Koch, Öko-Institut e.V. Freiburg, Germany
ADDRESS Energy Box - Maarten Hommelberg, VITO, Belgium
Power Matching City, Integral fieldtest A – René Kamphuis, TNO/ECN, the Netherlands
ERDF Smartgrid Projects – Jean-Christophe Delvallet, ERDF, France
Block 3: Stakeholder involvement, business models and ICT
Microgeneration and new end-use technologies in ADDRESS, INCA and SEESGEN-ICT – Jussi Ikäheimo, VTT, Finland
Smart Charging in progress, a holistic approach towards a plural faceted topic – André Postma, Enexis, the Netherlands:
ICT for the Smart Grid and its Last Mile – Hans Akkermans, The Network Institute, VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
ICT opportunities in future Smart Grids – Pekka Wirtanen Nokia-Siemens, Finland
Smart Grid Data Aggregation – Patrick Pipet, Schneider Electric, France
Workshop in Arnhem, the Netherlands, 25th of April 2012
The final public workshop hosted by Alliander was arranged in Arnhem, the Netherlands, 25th of April 2012
For the Agenda of the workshop click here
Marcel van Hest, “short introduction of Alliander”
Harry van Breen, Alliander, “Sense and Nonsense of Smartgrids for integration of DG-RES, DR and storage”
Block 1: Present state of the IEA-project Seppo Karkkainen/Jussi Ikaheimo
Seppo Kärkkäinen, Elektraflex, “Evaluation of demand response, DG-RES and storage technologies”
Jussi Ikäheimo, VTT, “Stakeholders and their roles”
Block 2: DER testing, operation and planning
Samuli Honkapuro and Jussi Tuunanen, Lappeenranta University of Technology: ”Impact of DER for planning and operation of electricity distribution grid and business”
Raphael Caire, Grenoble Institute of Technology/G2ELAB, “PREDIS: A smartgrid experimental test bed platform – practical example of self healing demonstration”
Asier Moltó Llovet, “Spanish most relevant SmartGrid demonstration projects”
Alfons Lansink, MS Livelab, “A living lab for the distribution grid”
Matthias Stifter, AIT: “Integration of RES on MV/LV networks . some experiences from field tests and current projects”
Block 3: Smart Electricity Ecosystems and Markets
Marcel van Hest, Alliander: “Building an innovation eco system”
Representative of Cybergrid, ‘’European Demand Response Center Project (EDRC)’’
George Huitema, TNO/NL: “The EU-FP7 EcoGrid project on the Isle of Bornholm”
Nouredine Hadjsaid, Grenoble Institute of Technology/G2ELAB: “GREENLYS, a large system view French Pilot project on Smartgrids”.
René Kamphuis, TNO/NL: “New use cases in the PowerMatchingCity-II project in Hoogkerk, the Netherlands”
Block 4: EV Integration
Rusbeh Razania, TU Wien: “EV business models- Participation of EVs in control energy markets and the second life potential”
André Postma, Enexis Innovation: “Deployment of the charging infrastructure for vehicles in the Netherlands“
Wilfred Smith, Alliander,”The voice of the customer“
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Events Phase 3
Introduction Bletterie, Stifter
Benoît Bletterie, AIT – Workshop on DSM: Potentials, Implementations and Experiences
Matthias Stifter, AIT – IEA DSM Task 17: Integration of DSM, DG, RES and ES (Phase 3)
Block 1: DSM potentials of buildings
Michael Wedler, B.A.U.M. Consult - Load flexibility in small and medium enterprises and criteria for successfully enabling them
Michael Schmidthaler, JKU – Load shifting in homes, industry and communities
Werner Ziel, SIEMENS – What can the industry provide to enable DSM in buildings
Block 2: DSM for distribution networks
Suryanarayana Doolla, IIT India – Current Status and potentials in India
Matthias Galus, BFE – A Swiss perspective of DSM for electricity networks – Overview of ongoing projects
Block 3: DSM for market participation
Jan Segerstam, Empower – Smart Grids and Energy Markets
Alexander Lurf, Cybergrid – eBADGE – Integrating the European electricity market
Steve Widegren, PNNL – Residential real-time pricing experience
Block 4: DSM and Electric Vehicles
Markus Radauer, Salzburg Netz – Smart Grids Model Region Salzburg: Implementation and experiences of controlled e-car charging
Christoph Maier, TU-Wien ESEA – Active DSM by forecasting
Workshop – IEE PowerTech Eindhoven 2015: Demand Flexibility – Dream or Reality
Introduction – Matthias Stifter, René Kamphuis
Block 1: Theoretical foundations and simulations
Roman Targosz (Copper Alliance Europe) – Mapping Flexibility of Power Systems
Copper Alliance and Ecofys have been involved in a joint study on flexibility in power systems. A new overview clarifies the flexibility needs for the transition to power systems with very high penetration levels of variable renewable energy sources (VRES). The talk provides a comprehensive assessment of the complete spectrum of flexibility options and identifies key barriers for their deployment.
Matthias Gallus (Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE) – DSM in Switzerland – Possible Coordination of Networks and Markets
The coordination of flexibility (load, production, storage) for markets and networks at the same time is a complex task. Switzerland is looking into solutions, which offer a large playing field for markets and competition. Of interest are topics such as benefits for markets, networks and total social welfare, dynamic innovation, data exchange, processes for markets and non-discriminatory access.
Tara Esterl (AIT Austrian Institute of Technology) – Load Flexibility in small and medium enterprises and criteria for successfully enabling them
In the project hybrid-VPP4DSO DR-components in Austria and Slovenia are studied regarding their flexibility potential and their willingness to provide their flexibility. Potential business models and business cases are investigated to make use of this flexibility in different markets. Furthermore, the impact on the grids is analyzed and how this flexibility can relieve the grids in critical situations. Hybrid solutions – serving both markets and grids – are challenging regarding unbundling requirements, but have the highest priority of the project.
Stephen Galsworthy (TNO Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research) – Valuing Flexibility in power systems: the ValueFlex project
The VALUEFLEX project aims at developing services able to give to utilities and grid operators a better understanding of the value of electricity flexibility. These services are based on a comprehensive set of simulation tooling (the Toolbox) that allows companies to analyse the economic and technical feasibility of demand response services.
Steve Widergren (PNNL, USA) – Buildings Equipment Connectivity Interoperability for Energy Applications
Buildings automation can become a major contributor for providing flexibility services to the electric grid and greater overall energy efficiency, but the vast majority of facilities (at least in the USA) are not prepared to easily coordinate with the grid even if an flexibility signal was available. Efforts are underway to advance interoperability of connected building equipment to bring down integration costs and enable buildings to be more efficient and flexible users of energy.
Block 2: Realized Demand Response
Arnoud Rijnevald (Stedin) and Marijn Renting (Enexis, the Netherlands) – Field test verified flexibility options from a DSM perspective
Flexibility is an upcoming theme for DSOs. Some insights and first results of current test beds, of the Dutch DSOs Stedin and Enexis, which explore demand side management will be shared. Also, questions that still need to be answered in the Netherlands regarding DSM by DSOs, will be addressed.
Elke Klaassen (Enexis, the Netherlands) – Flexibility and Cost Benefit Analysis of the PowerMatchingCity-II Living Lab in Hoogkerk the Netherlands
Based on the results of the Dutch smart grid pilot PowerMatching City phase-II (45 house holds), we try to answer the question: what are the potential benefits of a large-scale implementation of PowerMatching City phase-II in the Netherlands? To do so, the measured data from the pilot was used to quantify the flexibility of the smart appliances (i.e. micro-CHPs, heat pumps and electric vehicles). Consequently, this flexibility is used as input for a model that represents the Dutch power system. To quantify the benefits both the energy market value and the grid value are assessed, using basic energy market simulations and load balance calculations respectively.
Daniel Brodén (KTH Royal Institute of Technology) – Demand response in the Smart Grid Gotland project
This talk presents preliminary results and studies from the Smart Grid Gotland Project. The focus of the talk is on subproject (i) wind power integration and (ii) market test and installation. Results from subproject (i) include simulation results on demand-response potential for congestion management. Results from subproject (ii) include lessons learned from an actual demand-response implementation and survey results on customer satisfaction.
Matthias Stifter (Austrian Institute of Technology) – Flexibility analysis and implications of the real time market concept of EcoGrid
One of the possible approaches to implement demand response is using a real-time market. Within the EcoGrid project, a real-time market place for distributed energy resources was implemented in a demonstration on the island of Bornholm in Denmark with considerable customer involvement. Flexibility and volume of demand response activated by real-time price signals will be discussed.
Werner Friedl (Austrian Institute of Technology) – Regulatory Recommendations of the Deployment of Flexibility
The report “Regulatory Recommendations for the Deployment of Flexibility“ focuses on flexibility from distributed resources, including demand side participation, and seeks to identify flexibility services, relevant value chains, but also the necessary commercial and market arrangements, while it answers the question on how different actors can be incentivised to provide and use flexibility. Finally, concrete recommendations are provided to the European Commission, to policy makers and stakeholders, for removing regulatory barriers and incentivising the uptake of flexibility from distributed resources.
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Final Synthesis Report Vol 1. – Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources and Energy Storages
Final Synthesis Report Vol 2. – Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources and Energy Storages
Task 17: Subtask 5 Report No. 1 – Full electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles from the power system perspective
Task 17: Subtask 5 Report No. 2 – Micro-CHP technologies for distributed generation
Task 17: Subtask 5 Report No. 3 – Heat pumps for cooling and heating
Task 17: Subtask 5 Report N0. 4 – Photovoltaics at customer premises
Task 17: Subtask 5 Report No. 5 – Smart metering
Task 17: Subtask 7 Report – Stakeholders involved in the deployment of micro generation and new end-use technologies
Task 17: Subtask 9 – Summary and Conclusions
Task 17: Phase 3 Flyer
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